Kentucky Transportation Cabinet
Spencer County, Indiana
Burgess & Niple (B&N) conducted a Phase III archaeological investigation of site 12-Sp-284 in Spencer County, Indiana, in order to mitigate the effects of the construction of a new US 231 bridge across the Ohio River. The Kentucky Transportation Cabinet contracted our services for this full-scale excavation in order to satisfy mitigation requirements under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act when it was determined that the location of the new bridge would impact nationally significant archaeological resources.
Site 12-Sp-284, also known as the Angelbridge site, is primarily a large Mississippian agrarian hamlet situated on a rise in the fertile floodplain of the Lower Ohio River Valley. The B&N crew of 37 trained archaeologists toiled for nearly 3 months in the field, recovered almost a million artifacts, and documented the remains of two prehistoric structures. Excavation of this site yielded information leading to a greater understanding of the processes of prehistoric culture change and provided data concerning a wide variety of human behavior and adaptations. Burgess & Niple services included:
B&N completed excavations “cleared the way” for the construction of the new U.S. 231 bridge across the Ohio River, providing a modern link between Owensboro, Kentucky, and southwestern Indiana.