Cuyahoga County Department of Development
The Garrett Square site in Cleveland, Ohio operated as a dry cleaner and Laundromat dating back to the early 1970s. Prior to that, the property housed a small furniture store and refrigerator sales company.
During a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) conducted by Burgess & Niple (B&N), multiple environmental conditions associated with the property were discovered. This included the historical use of perchloroethylene (PERC) – a chemical solvent used to dry clean clothes. B&N recommended additional investigation into to the site, and a Phase II ESA was conducted.
The Phase II ESA included soil and groundwater testing. Dry cleaning solvents were present in all three groundwater monitoring wells and in several of the soil samples. The soil sample results met the commercial/industrial direct contact generic Voluntary Action Program (VAP) Standards, but all of the groundwater samples exceeded the Unrestricted Potable Use Standards.
The assessment also identified the possibility of vapor intrusion. Vapor intrusion occurs when hazardous vapors migrate from contaminated sources located underground to a building’s interior.
Following the assessments, B&N completed a report summary that was submitted to the Cuyahoga County Department of Development.